Blame Hiccups on Your Inner Fish

first_imgWhy do humans get hernias and hiccups?  Neil Shubin says it’s because of your inner fish.  In the Scientific American series on Darwin, the discoverer of Tiktaalik was trying to show how evolutionary theory sheds light on human anatomy.  He looked back to fish and amphibians and found insight.    “A glimpse inside the body reveals structures left inside of us during the course of evolution, which often seem a confused jumble, with arteries, nerves and other structures taking odd paths to get from one part of the body to another,” he said.  “….To make sense of our own bodies, we need to examine the history we share with everything from microbes and worms to fish and primates.”  In search for clues from “our fishy past and our mammalian present,” he pointed to gonads and nerves for the diaphragm that made more sense in fish anatomy.  Believing that existing patterns were adapted by evolution to changes in the primate body, he claimed that they wouldn’t have been designed this way from scratch, any more than a rewiring job in a building. Our deep history was, at different times, spent in ancient oceans, small streams and savanna plains—and not office buildings, ski slopes or football fields.  This extraordinary disconnect between our past and present means that our body falls apart in certain predictable ways.  The major bones in human knees, backs and wrists arose in aquatic creatures hundreds of millions of years ago.  Is it any surprise, then, that we tear cartilage in our knees and suffer back pain as we walk on two legs or develop carpal tunnel syndrome as we type, knit or write?  Our fish and amphibian ancestors did not do these things.    Take the body plan of a fish, modify it using genes altered from those that build the body of a worm, dress it up to be a mammal, then tweak and twist that mammal to make a creature that walks upright, talks, thinks and has superfine control of its fingers, and we have a recipe for disaster.  We can dress up this fish only so much before paying a price.  In a perfectly designed world—one without an extended historic legacy—we would not have to suffer from the infirmities of hemorrhoids or hernias.  Nor would our buildings be so expensive to renovate.Shubin did not inventory fish maladies, or inquire whether Methuselah ever got a hernia after living 200 times longer than a fish.  His hypothesis seems to suggest that evolution is regressive.  Following his reasoning, the best-designed animals were the earliest ones.  Bad design has led to more maladies the higher one evolves up Darwin’s tree of life.  Maybe natural selection should have left well enough alone and not invented a Shawn Johnson or Michael Phelps.  It terms of design, it’s been all downhill since those happy days under the sea.We can’t help but award multiple SEQOTW prizes this week, with all the contestants vying for attention in Scientific American’s Darwin Extravaganza.  We may have to go to SEQOTD.  Please notice; we don’t laugh at the Darwinists out of some perverse sense of satisfaction at irritating them.  We know they hate being laughed it.  We just can’t help it.  We laugh because they really are funny.  Let’s all sing like the fishies sing:Adaptation always seems better in landlubber’s four-limbed physiqueYou dream of evolving up yonder, but that is a faulty mystique.Just look at the world around you, right here on the ocean floor;Such wonderful things surround you; what more is you lookin’ for?Under the sea, Under the sea, Darwin, it’s better down where it’s wetter, take it from me. Up on the shore they walk on all fours, out in the sun they sweat in they chores, While we is a-breedin’ in de Garden of Eden under the sea.Down here all the fish is happy, as off through the waves they squirts;The man in the office got hiccups, he sad ’cause his hernia hurts.But man in the jungle ain’ lucky, he in for a worser fate;One day when tiger get hungry, guess who’s gon’ be on de plate.Under the sea, Under the sea, That’s why it’s hotter under the water Ya we in luck here down in the muck here Under the sea. They take themselves so seriously – that’s what makes this so much fun.  Thank you, Neil, and all the Scientific American staff, for giving us one of the best comedy acts [hic] in a long time.  OK, we’ll get serious.  See?  We’re serious.  (chortle) (sniff) (snicker)  Honest!  (guffaw)  Sorry.  (pause, deep breath) (snort) (giggle) (choke)  We in luck here down in the muck here, under the sea… Yeeeee, HAW!(Visited 65 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Why Path May Be The Ultimate App For Google Glass

first_imgI’m a devoted Pathhole—a hardcore user of mobile social network Path. For all that I make fun of Path’s twee, artisanal, and bespoke nature—on a recent visit to its lovely office in San Francisco, I was tempted to ask CEO Dave Morin if his software engineers were cruelty-free—I have a soft spot for the service that brings me updates from a small circle of friends, which I then festoon with emoticons.If anything might convert me into a Glasshole, the name I’ve adopted for the ostentatious neophiles who have started sporting Glass, Google’s Internet-enabled camera-and-display headset, it might well be Path.Path CTO Nathan Folkman demonstrates Google Glass.Morin and Path CTO Nathan Folkman recently showed me a version of Path for Google Glass. (Google recently signaled that Path would be one of the first Glass apps available.) It turns out that two key features of Path make it perfectly suited for Glass—in a way that larger social networks like Google+ and Facebook may never catch up to.I’ve formed this opinion based on brief experiences with both Glass and the Glass version of Path, so take them with a grain of salt. But even those glimpses suggest an uncanny fit between software and hardware.Small Screen, Meet Tight FriendsThe first advantage Path has is its insistence that you limit your friends to a tight list of 150. I find this kind of in-or-out listmaking agonizing. It reminds me of when my husband and I invited people to our wedding reception, which, now that I think about it, had a headcount of about 150. But now that I’ve put in the work, I find my Path friends really are the ones I like to hear from frequently throughout the day.Contrast that to Google’s built-in Glass sharing options, which require you to go to a website to set up a limited number of contacts in advance. This Android tablet is mirroring what Path CTO Nathan Folkman sees on his Google Glass heads-up display.The second is Path’s stripped-down simplicity. Originally designed for mobile, it’s actually even more effective on Glass. In my experience, people typically share short updates about where they are or what they’re doing—things that are too mundane for Twitter, too intimate for Facebook. In form, tone, and length, they’re just right for Glass’s screen, floating just above your right eye.Google+ updates, which you can of course get on Glass, are often too long for the Glass interface. And the thought of getting my Facebook News Feed—an option now that Facebook has a Glass app—through Glass seems overwhelming.But Where Is The Money?There are perpetual questions about how Path will find enough users and make money. Glass will not answer those. Folkman, Path’s CTO, estimates that some 300 Glass testers have downloaded the Glass version of Path. (Google hasn’t given out numbers, but that’s likely a large portion of the Glass population.)For what it’s worth, Morin tells me the company has been making progress on the business front. It has likely crossed 13 million registered users, and its main source of income—charging users for custom icons they can include in messages—has drawn both derision and dollars. Little-noticed deals with the likes of Sprint and Kyocera suggest that the company may find ways of making money from partnerships with wireless carriers and handset makers, too.An update from a friend’s check-in at Google I/O displays on Path CTO Nathan Folkman’s Glass display.Folkman says the Glass effort, on which he’s spent about 20 percent of his time recently, has helped him think about constructing an application programming interface for partners, and also designing Path notifications for smart watches and other lightweight, small-screen devices.So if we are at the brink of a revolution in mobile computing where we trade smartphones for wearable devices, Path’s experimentation may pay off—if not for the San Francisco-based startup, then for others who take careful note of its innovations.Photo by Owen Thomas for ReadWrite Tags:#Google#Google Glass#Google IO13#io13#Path#Wearable Computing#wearables What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Related Posts Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfacescenter_img Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement owen thomas The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technologylast_img read more

‘I’ll be back’ says Thomas as Celtics-Cavs wrangle

first_imgTyphoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH However, final confirmation of the trade has been delayed amid ongoing questions surrounding Thomas’ injury, which forced him to miss the end of the Eastern Conference finals last season.Thomas told ESPN on Tuesday that there was no question he would come back from his injury.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“I am not damaged,” Thomas said. “I’ll be back, and I’ll be the same player.”Thomas insisted that medical professionals had assured him he would recover his fitness. Kerber goes from champ to 1st-round loser at rainy US Open Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games MOST READ Read Next LATEST STORIES SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s weddingcenter_img LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games NBA player Isaiah Thomas attends the super welterweight boxing match between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Conor McGregor on August 26, 2017 at T-Mobile Arena in Las Vegas, Nevada. AFPLos Angeles, United States — Isaiah Thomas insisted Tuesday that he would return to fitness from a hip injury as concern over his condition threatened to stall his move from the Boston Celtics to the Cleveland Cavaliers.Thomas is poised to join Cleveland with several teammates in a blockbuster trade that saw Cavs star Kyrie Irving head to Boston.ADVERTISEMENT Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. “There’s never been an indication that I wouldn’t be back, and there’s never been an indication that this is something messing up my career,” Thomas told ESPN.“Maybe I am not going to be back as soon this season as everyone wants me to be, but I’m going to be back, and I’m going to be the same player again. No doctor has told me anything different than that.”Thomas said he had remained in touch with Cleveland since a physical on Friday but was in the dark about the team’s plans.“I don’t know what [the organization] is doing,” Thomas told ESPN. “It’s out of my control. I just want to talk about what I can control, and I know that this (hip) won’t be a problem into the future.”ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

Long faces, but chins up for USA fans after World Cup exit

first_imgUSA fans suffered a major heartbreak after their team was knocked out of the World Cup It was all long faces, but heads held high, for the legion of American fans who traveled to Brazil for the World Cup, only to watch their team lose 2-1 to Belgium in extra time.Statistical Highlights | Match Photos Upward of 20,000 people, mostly Americans, packed the golden sands of Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro in front of a giant TV screen set up in the FIFA Fan Fest watch area in Rio.Fans stood and cheered the entire time, packed tightly and with barely any wiggle room to get through the crowd.Like many fans, Travis Rood, a 28-year-old from Seattle, his face painted red, white and blue and an American flag draped around his shoulder, started to leave the beach after Belgium went up 2-0.USA fans react after their team’s 2-1 loss to Belgium in the Round of 16 tie But Rood froze in his tracks and turned around after the U.S. scored a late goal to spark hope that ultimately faded with the final whistle.”This World Cup was a turning point for us,” he said. “People around the world are beginning to respect us as a team.”A common refrain, Rood said there was no shame in losing to the young, talented Belgian team, who now move on to a tough quarter-final match with Argentina.”They’re a small country but on paper,” he said of Belgium. “But they’re twice as good as we are at soccer.”advertisementAt a pub in Sao Paulo, Brazil’s biggest city, it got so packed people were sitting on the floor to watch the match. They shouted every time U.S. goalkeeper Tim Howard made a spectacular save – which he did 16 times.US fans saddened after their team’s 2-1 loss to Belgium on Wednesday Many of the American faithful in Sao Paulo were shouting the U.S. chant of “I believe that we will win” throughout the game. Some added emphatically “We love you!” for their team.But in the end, most acknowledged that Belgium played a much better game, saying the U.S. waited too long to go on the attack.”Belgium just played much better. They deserve it,” said Nick Venditti, a 26-year-old from New York. “I am still happy we made it out of the ‘group of death.’ That wasn’t easy.”He added, hopefully: “In the next four years, we will be so much better.”last_img read more

12 days agoBrighton midfielder Stephens has no doubts about Connolly potential

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Brighton midfielder Stephens has no doubts about Connolly potentialby Paul Vegas12 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveBrighton midfielder Dale Stephens has no doubts about the potential of Aaron Connolly.he 19-year-old grabbed the headlines with a double strike against Tottenham on his first Prem start. Asked whether Connolly has the ability to get under defenders’ skins, Stephens replied: “Yes, he’s got that side to his game and he’s going to need it.“He’s not a big lad, and he has got different abilities to a big centre-forward but he can use what he has got to his advantage.“Being a pain and a pest is what he is good at and that proved good for us (against Tottenham).” last_img

Michael Moore Contemplates Mass Murder Motivation

first_imgIn the developed world it is not only the USA that has millions of guns and children who watch violent movies and play violent video games, but activist and documentary film maker Michael Moore says that people in other countries, “simply don’t kill each other at the rate that we do.” Moore thinks he knows why: poverty, fear and a ‘me’ society.“One in five Americans goes hungry at some point during the year,” says Moore. “The majority of those who aren’t poor are living from paycheck to paycheck. There’s no doubt this creates more crime. Middle class jobs prevent crime and violence.” No one making $50 thousand per year will be breaking into homes and shooting people for television sets, he says.As for the Americans’ exaggerated sense of fear, Moore links it with racism that is perpetuated by media. “Too many white people are afraid of black people. What’s the image of a perpetrator in our heads?” It isn’t the freckle-faced kid from down the street.He also criticizes America’s every-man-for-himself ethos: “I have noticed in my travels that other civilized countries see a national benefit to taking care of each other. In other countries people see each other together, with each person existing as an integral part of the whole.”Moore doesn’t think banning semiautomatic weapons, regulating ammunition, improved background checks and increased mental health services, although all welcome, would bring an end to mass murders in his country. The alleged killer at the recent Newtown school tragedy had no criminal record, the guns he used were legally purchased, none fit the legal description of an assault weapon, the murderer’s mother had sought help for his mental health problems, and the school where the rampage took place had been locked down before the killer showed up.“Most [citizens in other developed countries] are raised with a sense of connection, if not outright solidarity,” says Moore. “And that makes it harder to kill one another.”Copyright ©2013Look to the Starslast_img read more

Gov Amazon largest jobs commitment in Tennessee history

first_imgNASHVILLE — Gov. Bill Haslam said Tuesday that an Amazon operations hub expected to create 5,000 jobs in Tennessee will be “the single largest jobs commitment made by a company in Tennessee’s history.”Amazon will invest $230 million-plus to locate its Operations Center of Excellence in Nashville Yards, a 15-acre (6-hectare), mixed-use downtown development still under construction in the booming southern city. Holly Sullivan of Amazon Public Policy says Nashville will become the eastern U.S. hub for its retail operations division, with hiring to begin next year.Amazon announced the Nashville site the same day it revealed it would split its much-anticipated second headquarters between New York and Arlington, Virginia, each getting 25,000 jobs.“This is a game changer for Tennessee. The ripple effect of Amazon’s decision to invest $230 million in our state and create 5,000 high-paying jobs in downtown Nashville will be felt for years to come,” Haslam said in a statement.Amazon’s new 1 million square-foot Nashville office space will host tech and management functions, including customer fulfilment, customer service, transportation and supply chain. The project is expected to add an estimated incremental tax revenue of more than $1 billion over the next 10 years, according to the company.Amazon says it will receive up to $102 million in performance-based incentives based on the creation of 5,000 jobs with an average wage exceeding $150,000 in Nashville.“We think it’s just a great location for our employees, but also a great location to really further the resilience and the vibrancy, and just the overall coolness of Nashville, Tennessee,” Sullivan said Tuesday at a news conference with Gov. Haslam.The company received 238 proposals for its new headquarters before narrowing it down to 20 in January, a shortlist that included Nashville.Haslam said that in the past 30 days or so, the conversation shifted toward the possibility of the smaller hub in Nashville. For perspective, Haslam said the Amazon headquarters proposal could have resulted in 50,000 new jobs in one location, and Nashville currently only has 70,000 jobs downtown.“I think we realized, Nashville realized and Amazon realized, to do something that big, as much as Nashville has grown, would still be a challenge to infrastructure and to the talent demand,” Haslam said at the news conference.Amazon’s choice also followed the resounding defeat of a multibillion-dollar Nashville transit ballot measure in the May election, a plan that banked on tax increases to introduce a light rail system, expand bus routes and build a downtown underground tunnel. In fielding proposals for the second headquarters, Amazon stressed the importance of direct access to mass transit.Nashville Mayor David Briley said the city still continues to invest in expanding its existing transit system.Amazon’s incentives package includes a cash grant for capital expenditures from the state of $65 million based on the company creating 5,000 jobs over the next seven years — equivalent to $13,000 per job.Meanwhile, Nashville has agreed to give up to a $15 million cash grant based on each job created within the same timeframe. The annual payment from the city, however, will be dependent on the actual number of employees added.Finally, Amazon will receive a job tax credit to offset 50 per cent of Tennessee’s franchise and excise taxes based on $4,500 per job over the next seven years — worth about $21.7 million.A free market think-tank, Beacon Center of Tennessee, became a quick critic of the deal. Beacon Center spokesman Mark Cunningham said officials “got scammed into giving the company more than $100 million in taxpayer giveaways for a consolation prize.”But Briley and Haslam contended that Nashville and the state are getting great deals that will quickly pay themselves off. Haslam said he expects 1.6 more jobs in the state for every direct job created, for a total of 13,000-plus.The state says Amazon currently has six Tennessee facilities employing more than 6,500 people.___Associated Press writer Kimberlee Kruesi in Nashville contributed to this report.Jonathan Mattise, The Associated Presslast_img read more

Patient falls off bed, dies; kin allege medical negligence

first_imgKolkata: A woman died after she fell off the bed at the newly built super-specialty hospital in Bongaon on Wednesday night.The family members of the patient have brought the charges of negligence against the hospital authorities and demanded a probe into the incident. Munmun Mondal (43), a resident of Chalki village at Gopalnagar in Bongoan was admitted to the hospital by her family members on April 23 as she complained of severe respiratory distress. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari PujaAfter a preliminary check up the patient was admitted to the female medicine ward of the hospital. The patient was recovering well as observed by the hospital doctors. The family members of the victim spoke to the attending doctor in the night of April 24 who told them that patient may be released from the hospital in one or two days. The incident triggered tension among the patients at the female ward of the hospital on Thursday morning. The victim’s family members said that they received a phone call from the hospital saying the patient died. The family members then rushed to the hospital and came to know that the patient fell on the floor from the bed and this led to her death. It is suspected that she suffered internal injuries after falling from the bed. The real cause of her death is yet to be ascertained. The hospital staff members however denied the allegation of negligence. They termed it as an accident. The family members met the hospital authorities and urged them to conduct a probe into the death. They also alleged that the patient died due to negligence by a section of the hospital staff members. The hospital officials assured the deceased’s family members that a probe would be conducted into the incident.last_img read more

Lawyer Jonathan Martins Texts To Richie Incognito Were Vile

The Richie Incognito-Jonathan Martin drama just won’t go away. And it picked up momentum Thursday when Incognito’s attorney, Mark Schamel, said Martin was equally vulgar in text messages to Incognito.“The coarse and unacceptable comments and text messages that were sent to Jonathan Martin were of the same poor taste as those sent by him,” Schamel said. “All of these communications were provided to Ted Wells and the NFL investigation. What they show is banter between friends, not bullying.”Incognito was suspended by the Miami Dolphins on Nov. 3 and remained on the NFL’s suspended list with pay for the rest of the season for “bullying” fellow offensive lineman Martin, who left the team. Incognito missed out on two game checks ($470,588) after agreeing to a compromise with the Dolphins in November when his suspension was extended with pay. He agreed to another extension in December.Schamel alleges that Martin sent text messages to Incognito which “included threats to send someone over to Richie Incognito’s home with a ‘tranquilizer gun and sandpaper condoms’ to homosexually rape him” and “another that said he would ‘kill [Richie’s] whole family.’”“Richie Incognito has owned his inappropriate comments, despite the fact that they were made in jest, and it is time for Jonathan Martin to do the same,” Schamel said.The attorney claims that Martin didn’t raise accusations of bullying until his performance on the field had suffered to a point where his spot on the roster might be in jeopardy and he had already left the team in October.According to Schamel, Martin had confided to Incognito his own concerns “that he was not playing well, about how upset he was at being ranked by Pro Football Focus as among the worst linemen in the NFL, about his poor performance on the field, his demotion to right tackle and how he was concerned about what the outcome might be for his missing team meetings and, about how he felt his job was at risk.”“Rather than deal with his poor on-field performance and myriad other issues, Martin is now hiding behind false allegations. The result undermines the real problems of bullying and demeans what is a very real problem for many young people,” Schamel said.Martin said earlier this week in an interview with NBC’s Tony Dungy that he felt “trapped” after alleged repeated bullying by Incognito. Dungy was part of a task force established by Dolphins owner Stephen Ross to improve the culture of the franchise.Schamel, however, said that Martin’s claims ring hollow.“Jonathan Martin was a full participant, who at times led some of the exact same pranks and gags and text and email exchanges he now claims, ‘crossed the line,’” he said. read more

Darmian to undergo medical at Juventus

first_imgManchester United defender Matteo Darmian is set to undergo a medical with Juventus after arriving in Milan, reports Football-ItaliaThe Italy international has been heavily linked with a move to the Bianconeri for over the past year after falling out of favour with Jose Mourinho at Old Trafford.Since arriving from Torino in 2015, Darmian has struggled to adapt to the demands of English football and has recently expressed a desire to return to his homeland in the summer.harry maguire, manchester UnitedMaguire says United need to build on today’s win George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Harry Maguire wants his United teammates to build on the victory over Leicester City.During the summer, Harry Maguire was referred to as the ultimate…United boss Mourinho is planning to sign two new full-backs in the upcoming transfer window and will likely use the reported €12m transfer fee generated from Darmian ’s sale to reinvest in his defence.The 28-year-old is currently in Italy finalising the move to Juventus with Daley Blind also expected to leave Manchester after admitting that he was left feeling frustrated over his lack of opportunities in the second half of this season.Across all competitions this season, Darmian only started seven matches.last_img read more