Blame Hiccups on Your Inner Fish

first_imgWhy do humans get hernias and hiccups?  Neil Shubin says it’s because of your inner fish.  In the Scientific American series on Darwin, the discoverer of Tiktaalik was trying to show how evolutionary theory sheds light on human anatomy.  He looked back to fish and amphibians and found insight.    “A glimpse inside the body reveals structures left inside of us during the course of evolution, which often seem a confused jumble, with arteries, nerves and other structures taking odd paths to get from one part of the body to another,” he said.  “….To make sense of our own bodies, we need to examine the history we share with everything from microbes and worms to fish and primates.”  In search for clues from “our fishy past and our mammalian present,” he pointed to gonads and nerves for the diaphragm that made more sense in fish anatomy.  Believing that existing patterns were adapted by evolution to changes in the primate body, he claimed that they wouldn’t have been designed this way from scratch, any more than a rewiring job in a building. Our deep history was, at different times, spent in ancient oceans, small streams and savanna plains—and not office buildings, ski slopes or football fields.  This extraordinary disconnect between our past and present means that our body falls apart in certain predictable ways.  The major bones in human knees, backs and wrists arose in aquatic creatures hundreds of millions of years ago.  Is it any surprise, then, that we tear cartilage in our knees and suffer back pain as we walk on two legs or develop carpal tunnel syndrome as we type, knit or write?  Our fish and amphibian ancestors did not do these things.    Take the body plan of a fish, modify it using genes altered from those that build the body of a worm, dress it up to be a mammal, then tweak and twist that mammal to make a creature that walks upright, talks, thinks and has superfine control of its fingers, and we have a recipe for disaster.  We can dress up this fish only so much before paying a price.  In a perfectly designed world—one without an extended historic legacy—we would not have to suffer from the infirmities of hemorrhoids or hernias.  Nor would our buildings be so expensive to renovate.Shubin did not inventory fish maladies, or inquire whether Methuselah ever got a hernia after living 200 times longer than a fish.  His hypothesis seems to suggest that evolution is regressive.  Following his reasoning, the best-designed animals were the earliest ones.  Bad design has led to more maladies the higher one evolves up Darwin’s tree of life.  Maybe natural selection should have left well enough alone and not invented a Shawn Johnson or Michael Phelps.  It terms of design, it’s been all downhill since those happy days under the sea.We can’t help but award multiple SEQOTW prizes this week, with all the contestants vying for attention in Scientific American’s Darwin Extravaganza.  We may have to go to SEQOTD.  Please notice; we don’t laugh at the Darwinists out of some perverse sense of satisfaction at irritating them.  We know they hate being laughed it.  We just can’t help it.  We laugh because they really are funny.  Let’s all sing like the fishies sing:Adaptation always seems better in landlubber’s four-limbed physiqueYou dream of evolving up yonder, but that is a faulty mystique.Just look at the world around you, right here on the ocean floor;Such wonderful things surround you; what more is you lookin’ for?Under the sea, Under the sea, Darwin, it’s better down where it’s wetter, take it from me. Up on the shore they walk on all fours, out in the sun they sweat in they chores, While we is a-breedin’ in de Garden of Eden under the sea.Down here all the fish is happy, as off through the waves they squirts;The man in the office got hiccups, he sad ’cause his hernia hurts.But man in the jungle ain’ lucky, he in for a worser fate;One day when tiger get hungry, guess who’s gon’ be on de plate.Under the sea, Under the sea, That’s why it’s hotter under the water Ya we in luck here down in the muck here Under the sea. They take themselves so seriously – that’s what makes this so much fun.  Thank you, Neil, and all the Scientific American staff, for giving us one of the best comedy acts [hic] in a long time.  OK, we’ll get serious.  See?  We’re serious.  (chortle) (sniff) (snicker)  Honest!  (guffaw)  Sorry.  (pause, deep breath) (snort) (giggle) (choke)  We in luck here down in the muck here, under the sea… Yeeeee, HAW!(Visited 65 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

America Needs More Entrepreneurs

first_imgRead this article called How Capitalism Dies.There are a bunch of interesting statistics here, like how many people now receive aid from the federal government. But more interesting is the long trend of businesses closing without a greater number opening to replace these businesses.I do believe that business is more difficult than it has ever been. I also believe it is more competitive than ever. I also believe that in this Disruptive Age, there are tons of systemic challenges. But it isn’t so difficult that anyone with a good idea and the intestinal fortitude can’t start and run a business. How can it be that there are more classes on entrepreneurship and fewer entrepreneurs?We need more entrepreneurs.Why Entrepreneurs FailI haven’t seen too many serious entrepreneurs with really bad business ideas (with the exception of some technology entrepreneurs who get excited about counting things). Most of the time, the entrepreneurs I have seen have good, valuable ideas. Their hearts in the right place, and they really want to create something. But the one question I routinely ask tells me everything I need to know about whether or not they will succeed. That question is this:“What is your client acquisition strategy?”Entrepreneur after entrepreneur crumbles when faced with this question. They believe that success comes from acquiring investors. The worst belief they have is that they can take enough investor money and sell the company for some amount of money that stretches credulity. That isn’t entrepreneurship. Get rich quick schemes don’t make you an entrepreneur either.There is no successful entrepreneur anywhere that didn’t create customers.How Entrepreneurs SucceedIf you want to start and build your own business, you need a few things. You need a great way to create value for other people, value that they are willing to pay for. And then you need people who will agree to pay you for that value.I’ve seen entrepreneurs start multimillion dollar business with nothing more than a laptop and the gumption to offer their services (I mean literally. They had nothing else.). I’ve seen entrepreneurs fail after investors poured millions of dollars into their business. The invested money wasn’t as valuable to their survival as the ability to gain paying customers would have been.Capitalism isn’t going to die anytime soon. If you have it in your heart to start something, there is no better time than now. But only if you have the ability and the willingness to go and acquire customers. Without that, you’re a statistic. Get the Free eBook! Want to master cold calling? Download my free eBook! Many would have you believe that cold calling is dead, but the successful have no fear of the phone; they use it to outproduce their competitors. Download Nowlast_img read more

Namajunas ready for what comes next as UFC’s new superstar

first_imgStronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion “When they asked us what we wanted to be when we grow up, in kindergarten I always said I wanted to be a farmer,” she said.She’ll have to settle for the baddest woman in UFC.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutNamajunas plowed through her competitors and landed in the biggest garden of ’em all — Madison Square Garden, and in the fight of her life at UFC 217. She left Joanna Jedrzejczyk in a battered heap and walked out the 115-pound UFC strawweight champion. With a buzzcut and steely determination that made a hybrid of some sort of Ripley meets Eleven sci-fi character, Namajunas dominated in a flash and thrust herself into the conversation as the new face of UFC.“I was the talk of the town that night,” she said. “I’ve always felt that I was a star. I always knew that I am a star. The only thing that was missing was the belt.” Oh, Namajunas has the belt in the suburban Denver home she shares with fiancee and training partner, Pat Barry. It’s in her closet.“It’s got an energy to it, you know? We want to make sure we don’t too wrapped up in it,” she said. “But we’ll shine it up. Give it some love.”Namajunas has felt nothing but love since winning a title on a card that fans, starting with UFC President Dana White, widely called one of the best in the company’s 25-year history. Namajunas, T.J. Dillashaw and Georges St. Pierre all won belts as challengers.“The UFC in general, we’ve been in kind of a weird spot lately,” she said. “That card is something that doesn’t come by very often. We haven’t seen a card like that in a really long time and it was something special to remember.”UFC has spent the year craving a new box office star that can carry the promotion into 2018 and beyond while stalwarts Ronda Rousey, Conor McGregor and Jon Jones are on the bench. UFC’s promotional push had been all-in on Jedrzejczyk, the Polish fighter who was a win away from matching Rousey with six straight title defenses.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf PLAY LIST 01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Namajunas is used to taking the shine off UFC’s brightest female stars.Paige VanZant’s rise into championship contention was chopped when Namajunas choked her out in 2015.Michelle Waterson was pegged as the next one until Namajunas choked her out, too, in April.And Jedrzejczyk?She was never a factor in their fight. Namajunas dropped her early in the first round with a big right hand, finished off a combination with a vicious left and pounced on a fallen Jedrzejczyk to finish her off.The MSG crowd that was solidly behind Jedrzejczyk during the walk to the cage roared with cheers whenNamajunas won. Namajunas choked back tears as White placed the championship belt on her shoulder.“I make my environment what I want it to be,” Namajunas said. “I went to her castle where she felt comfortable, where she wanted to be in New York City and I took it from her.”UFC announcer Joe Rogan said a superstar was born in New York.“I hope the UFC realizes, and I think they do, that’s a … star. That’s a real star,” he said this week on his “Joe Rogan Experience” podcast. “She’s a genuinely nice person. When you look like her and you’re 115 pounds and you’re a woman and you (mess) up the Boogeyman, yeah, crowds are going to gravitate to that. If she doesn’t become as a big a star as any other woman in MMA, I would be stunned.”Namajunas said that as champ, she wants to skip the brash trash talk that shot McGregor to mainstream stardom and has been imitated throughout UFC, including by the champions Jedrzejczyk, Michael Bisping and Cody Garbrandt, who all lost at UFC 217.Namajunas, who said she earned the nickname “Thug” as a kid from one of her neighbors, used her post-fightinterview to preach kindness. CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Antetokounmpo leads Bucks past Spurs in Bledsoe’s debut John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s weddingcenter_img Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa View comments Read Next LATEST STORIES Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Rose Namajunas is announced before fighting Joanna Jedrzejczyk, of Poland, in a women’s strawweight title mixed martial arts bout at UFC 217 Saturday, Nov. 4, 2017, in New York. Namajunas won the fight. (AP Photo/Frank Franklin II)Rose Namajunas posed with a UFC championship belt around her waist and a tomato plucked from her garden in her hands.Namajunas has always had a bit of a green thumb, a labor of love passed on from her mother who could make strawberries blossom even in a tiny patch of yard in Milwaukee.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. “This was the fight I had been fighting for,” she said. “Yes, the belt is a goal. But in this fight in particular, I wasn’t fighting for the belt but the bigger picture. Ever since I lost to (Karolina Kowalkiewicz), I decided I wanted to change the world.”Namajunas has said she was a victim of abuse and violence in a childhood complicated by watching her father suffer from schizophrenia. She also spoke out against the toxic atmosphere she found early in her MMA training at Roufusport. As Namajunas takes a turn trying to steer the women’s division into the future, she hoped she could serve as role model for someone looking for a voice.“Of course I want to leave things, especially negative things, in the past,” she said. “But if it can help somebody overcome something, then I want to make sure it ends up on a positive note. I don’t want to dwell on negative things.”The big negative in New York? Someone played the wrong walkout song. She requested “Sweet Freedom” by Michael McDonald.“They played some Oasis song or something,” Barry said.“It was definitely not my type of music,” Namajunas said.Namajunas planned to take some time off headed into the holidays and had no contender or timeframe in mind for her first title defense.She just knows that next time, everyone will be watching for her.last_img read more

10 months agoChelsea boss Sarri pleased with matchwinner Kante: He’s improving

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Chelsea boss Sarri pleased with matchwinner Kante: He’s improvingby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea boss Maurizio Sarri was delighted with matchwinner N’Golo Kante for victory at Crystal Palace.The midfielder struck the only goal of the game.Sarri stated: “He has to think about the defence first of all. Then he is improving, especially in movements without the ball. His movement today was really very good and was done with the right timing.”When we have to play against opponents who are very low, it’s difficult for the striker and wingers to find space. So for us the midfielders’ movement without the ball is very important.”Now we have to work on Loftus-Cheek and on Barkley. Loftus-Cheek especially is a great player with the ball, but he can improve a lot in his movement without the ball.” last_img read more

12 days agoBrighton midfielder Stephens has no doubts about Connolly potential

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Brighton midfielder Stephens has no doubts about Connolly potentialby Paul Vegas12 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveBrighton midfielder Dale Stephens has no doubts about the potential of Aaron Connolly.he 19-year-old grabbed the headlines with a double strike against Tottenham on his first Prem start. Asked whether Connolly has the ability to get under defenders’ skins, Stephens replied: “Yes, he’s got that side to his game and he’s going to need it.“He’s not a big lad, and he has got different abilities to a big centre-forward but he can use what he has got to his advantage.“Being a pain and a pest is what he is good at and that proved good for us (against Tottenham).” last_img